Fungi of Wildwood Park


Basidiomycetes or Club Fungi
These fungi produce spores on the ends of microscopic clubs.

Gilled Mushrooms -- the largest group of Basidiomycetes
Meadow Mushroom Agaricus campestris
Yellow Fly Agaric Amanita muscaria var.guessowii
Forest Friend Collybia dryophila
Alcohol Inky Cap Coprinopsis atramentarius
Shaggy Mane Coprinus comatus
Winter Mushroom or Velvet Foot Flammulina velutipes
  Galerina autumnalis --see G. marginata
Deadly Galerina Galerina marginata (Galerina autumnalis)
Parrot Mushroom Gliophorus psittacinus
Leaf Oyster Mushroom Hohenbuehelia petaloides
Indigo Milk Mushroom Lactarius indigo
Deadly Parasol Lepiota josserandii (L. subincarnata)
  Lepiota subincarnata --see L. josserandii
White Marasmius Marasmiellus candidus
Marasmius rotula
Orange Pinwheel Marasmius siccus
Morel Morchella esculentoides
Common Mycena Mycena galericulata
Orange Mycena Mycena leaiana
Walnut Mycena Mycena luteopallens
Lawn Mower's Mushroom Panaeolus foenisecii
Summer Oyster Pleurotus pulmonarius
Shaggy Scalecap Pholiota squarrosa
  Psathyrella foenisecii --see Panaeolus foenisecii
Short-Stalked White Russula Russula angustispora / Russula brevipes
Rosy Russula or Bloody Brittlegill

Russula sanguinea

Common Split-Gill Schizophyllum commune
Lesser Rooted Xerula Xerula megalospora
Boletes -- Soft mushrooms., mostly growing on the ground, with pores instead of gills
  Boletellus betula --see Heimioporus betula
Shaggy Stalk Bolete Heimioporus betula (Boletellus betula)
Chickenfat Mushroom Suillus americanus
Painted Suillus Suillus picta
Polypores -- Usually woody fungi, mostly growing on trees, with pores instead of gills.
Mossy Maze Polypore Cerrena unicolor
Oak Mazegill Polypore Daedalea quercina
Rusty Gilled Polypore Gloeophyllum sepiarium
Milk White Toothed Polypore Irpex lacteus
White-Pored Chicken-of-the-Woods Laetiporus cincinnatus
  Lentinus strigosus -- see Panus rudis
Multicolor Gilled Polypore Lenzites betulina
Ruddy Panus Panus rudis
Cracked-Cap Polypore Phellinus rimosus
Coral-Pink Merulius Phlebia incarnata
  Polyporus elegans -- see P. varius
Hexagonal-Pored Polypore Polyporus alveolaris
Dryad's Saddle Polyporus squamosus
Elegant or Black-Footed Polypore Polyporus varius (P. elegans)
Little Nest Polypore Poronidulus conchifer
Cinnabar Polypore Pycnoporus cinnabarinus
Split Pore Crust Schizopora paradoxa
Turkey Tails Trametes versicolor
Violet-Toothed Polypore Trichaptum biformis
Tooth Fungi -- Woody fungi, with teeth instead of gills or pores.
Bleeding Tooth Hydnellum peckii
Ochre Spreading Tooth Steccherinum ochraceum
Puffballs and Earthstars
Collared Earthstar Geastrum triplex
Gem-Studded Puffball Lycoperdon perlatum
Pear-Shaped Puffball Lycoperdon pyriforme
Coral Fungi -- With fruiting bodies that look like clubs or coral
White Spindles Clavaria vermicularis
Golden Spindles Clavulinopsis fusiformis
Crown-tipped Coral Clavicorona pyxidata
Jelly Fungi -- With rubbery gelatinous fruiting bodies
Tree Ear Auricularia auricula
Orange Jelly Dacrymyces chrysospermus (D. palmatus)
Orange Jelly Drops Dacrymyces stillatus
White Jelly Ductifera pululahuana

Black Jelly Roll or Black Witch's Butter

Exidia glandulosa
Witch's Butter Tremella mesenterica
White Coral Jelly Tremella reticulata
Bird's-Nest Fungi -- With spores in liitle eggs inside a little nest
White-Egg Bird's Nest Crucibulum laeve
Fluted Bird's Nest Cyathus striatus
Crust & Parchment Fungi -- Fungi with smooth spore-bearing surfaces (a convenient group, but not scientifically valid)
Reddish-Brown Crust Hymenochaete tabacina (H. badioferruginea)
Brown Crust Fungus Phellinus punctata
Red and Yellow Crust Phlebia coccineofulva
Wrinkled Crust Phlebia radiata
Cobalt Crust Pulcherricium caeruleum (Terana caerulea)
Crowded Parchment Stereum complicatum
False Turkey Tails Stereum ostrea
Silky Parchment Stereum striatum
  Terana caerulea --see Pulcherricium caeruleum

Ceramic Fungus

Xylobolus frustulatus
Rusts -- Plant pathogens with usually bright-colored fruiting bodies
Orange Rust of Blackberry Gymnoconia nitens
Cedar-Apple Rust Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae
Spring Beauty Rust Puccinia mariae-wilsoniae
Jack-in-the-Pulpit Rust Uromyces ari-triphylli
Zygomycetes or Zygote Fungi
An early evolving group of fungi, differing ffrom Basidiomycetes and Ascomycetes in the details of their sexual reproduction, and not forming complex fruiting bodies like mushrooms. They include plant and animal pathogens as well as microscopic decay fungi.
Fly Killer Entomophthora muscae
Ascomycetes or Sac Fungi
These fungi produce spores inside microscopic bags.
Cup Fungi -- With cup-shaped fruitiing bodies
Yellow Tacks Bisporella citrina
  Bulgaria rufa -- see Galiella rufa
Stalked Hairy Fairy Cups Dasyscyphus virgineus
Hairy Rubber cup Galiella rufa
Brown Ribbed Elfin Cup Helvella acetabulum
Shaggy Scarlet Cup Microstoma floccosum
Common Brown Cup Peziza phyllogena (P. badioconfusa)
Scarlet Cup Sarcoscypha austriaca
Stalked Scarlet Cup
Sarcoscypha occidentalis
Eyelash Cup Scutellinia scutellata
Pyrenomycetes -- Shoot their spores out of narrow necked bottles called perithecia
Black Knot of Cherry Apiosporina morbosa (Dibotryon morbosum)
Carbon Balls Daldinia concentrica
Common Tarcrust Diatrype stigma
  Dibotryon morbosum -- see Apiosporina morbosa
False Charcoal or Brittle Tinder Kretzschmaria deusta
Coralspot Nectria cinnabarina
  Ustulina deusta -- see Kretzschmaria deusta
Carbon Antlers or Candlesnuff Fungus Xylaria hypoxylon
Dead Man's Fingers Xylaria polymorpha

Powdery Mildews -- Plant pathogens that manifest as a white powder on the infected host

Powdery Mildew Family Erysiphaceae
Lichens -- A lifestyle rather than a family grouping. They enslave green algae or cyanobacteria to provide them with food and provide minerals and protection from the elements in return. Most lichens are ascomycetes, but there are some basidiomycetes
Lemon Lichen Candelaria concolor
Sulphur Firedot Lichen Caloplaca flavovirescens
British Soldiers Cladonia cristatella
Turban Lichen Cladonia peziziformis
Dixie Reindeer Moss Cladonia subtenuis
Golden Moonglow Dimelaena oreina
Common Green Shield Flavoparmelia caperata
Scribble Lichen Graphis scripta
Smooth Shadow Crust Hyperphyscia syncolla
Bumpy Rim Lichen Lecanora hybocarpa
Powdered Ruffle Parmotrema hypotropum
Smooth Shadow Phaeophyscia ciliata
Bloody Shadow Phaeophyscia rubropulchra
Whitewash Lichen Phlyctis argena
Star Rosette Physcia stellata
Rough Speckled Shield Punctelia rudecta
Mustard Lichen Pyxine sorediata
Sinewed Ramalina Ramalina americana
Bristly Beard Usnea hirta
Bloody Beard Usnea mutabilis
Bushy Beard Usnea strigosa
Rock Jigsaw Willeya diffractella
Weber's Sunburst Xanthomendoza weberi
Lichen Parasites -- Fungi that specialize in growing on and parasitizing lichens.
Rock Jigsaw Parasite Opegrapha pulvinata

Slime molds --Current biology says slime molds are no more fungi than humans are. However, they are often lumped with the fungi because they reproduce by producing spores in fruting bodies that resemble tiny mushrooms

Carnival Candy Slime Mold Arcyria denudata
Coral Slime Mold Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa
Honeycomb Coral Slime Mold Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa var. porioides
Pink Slime Dictydiaethelium plumbeum
Dog Vomit Slime Fuligo septica
Wolf's Milk Slime Mold Lycogala epidendrum
Lawn Ashes Physarum cinereum
Many-Headed Slime Physarum polycephalum
Chocolate Tube Slime Mold Stemonitis splendens
Red Raspberry Slime Mold Tubifera ferruginosa

Last updated 4 January 2019

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